GR Supports Community Development and Livelihood Improvement

The Food security program

Kachung Forest Plantation (KFP) is managed by Busoga Forestry Company Ltd. (BFC), a subsidiary of Green Resources AS. KFP is a CDM project that first sold out its carbon credits in 2013 to the Swedish Energy Agency. The plantation is located in Dokolo district, Northern Uganda (Lango sub-region) 25Km South of Lira town.  It lies in two sub-counties, Adok and Agwata and is surrounded by 17 villages with a population of approximately 10,400 people.

According to a socio-Economic impact assessment conducted in 2016, majority of the people (nearly 82%) can only afford two meals a day and in a span of 2-3 months, there is food scarcity in this region; this is despite government efforts through Operations Wealth Creation (formerly National Agricultural Advisory Services), Northern Ugandan Social Action Plan Phase I and II. 95% of the communities in these villages mainly depend on agriculture as a source of livelihood. Community members previously used the land in the forest reserve for agriculture and cattle grazing but with the government opening up the boundary of this reserve (which is under the mandate of National Forestry Authority, and granting licenses to individuals or entities to rent and use the land for agroforestry), has led to these communities using and depending on their ancestral lands. These are however not sufficient for them. BFC through its community development program has adopted an intensive approach as part of its strategy to create an enabling environment for farmers to improve productivity and enhance food security in these communities. Approaches include; use of improved seed, training in better land management practices, post harvest technologies as well as environment conservation.

Some of the causes of food insecurity in this area include;

  • Limited access by the farmers to quality seeds: the use of poor quality seeds by farmers is the major cause of low yields. Majority of farmers find it expensive to buy good seeds from certified seed sources.
  • Limited access to modern farming technologies: the local farmers lack both the knowledge and exposure to proper and recommended agricultural practices that are seen to improve over time basing on research to suit the changing environmental and socio climate.
  • Unpredictable weather and changes in the weather patterns. For example the rains are unreliable and this generally has a negative impact on crop production.
Farmers were  trained at various stages that is, at pre-planting, pest & disease control as well as weed management. Enterprise selection was done based on individual interest and which crops grow best in their area as well as those that would not only be a source of food but also income generating at the sale of the surplus. This was aimed at ensuring that the farmers own their projects.